Ashani Sanket (Distant Thunder)

1973, India. 101 min, Color, In Bengali with subtitles.


The film is set in 1943-44, when the famine struck Bengal during the British rule in India. It was a man made famine. As the British government cornered the civilian food supply for its armies, the people starved. The famine claimed the lives of five million people. The story takes place in a small village during the World War II. The famine affects the lives of the families in different ways.

Gangacharan, an educated Brahmin, has recently arrived to settle in the village with his wife. He decides to teach and conduct religious ceremonies in exchange for being supported by the villagers. The villagers readily agree. His wife, Ananga, is a sensuous woman. She is sensitive, giving, and devoted to her husband.

The distant World War II changes the village. Gangacharan is only little more informed than the villagers. He knows that Japan has taken over Singapore but he has no idea where it is. As a few airplanes disturb the peaceful sky, the word goes around that the war will result in a scarcity of rice. The price of rice soars as the traders hide their stocks to make huge profits.

To eat, the villagers are reduced to animal-like existence, forced to beg for food. Gangacharan, shrewd and stingy, has managed to keep himself supplied with food but it may not last long. Ananga offers to work for food but Gangacharan is shocked at the idea of her doing manual labor. Soon, he is forced to change his views and Ananga goes to work with other village women.

A man with burnt face (scarface) offers a married village woman – Chutki – a bribe of rice to go with him. She refuses but later the hunger drives her to agree.

Ananga offers her gold bangle to Gangacharan to exchange it for rice. As he goes to a nearby village to in search of rice, she goes into the forest with Chutki and another woman to look for wild potatoes. Not used to manual lab our, Ananga sees a flower and goes for it. The village women find some potatoes. A man tries to take Ananga; Chutki kills the man with the bar she used to dig out the potato.

But Chutki herself would rather live in dishonor than die of hunger. Once again, she joins the scarface despite her revulsion towards him.

An untouchable-caste woman dies of hunger; the first starvation death in the village. Gangacharan, breaking the taboo, picks up her hand take her pulse. He feels obliged to give her a proper cremation.

Even as we learn that Ananga is pregnant, we see the villagers leave in search of food in silhouettes. The screen is filled with a statement – “Over five million died of starvation and epidemics in Bengal in what has come to be known as the man-made famine of 1943.”

Anaga played by Babita
Anaga played by Babita
Ananga (Babita) and Ganga (Soumitra Chatterjee)
Ananga (Babita) and Ganga (Soumitra Chatterjee)
Ananga (Babita) and Ganga (Soumitra Chatterjee)
Ananga (Babita) and Ganga (Soumitra Chatterjee)



Soumitra Chatterjee, a Ray regular, who played Apu in Apur Sansar, plays Gangacharan. The film is based on the novel ‘Asani Sanket’ by Bibhutibhushan Banerjee. He also wrote ‘Pather Panchali’ and ‘Aparajita’, which were adapted by Ray for the Apu Trilogy films. Ray uses color to contrast between the Nature filled with life and lushness and gradual slipping away of life from the people. They are dying despite a good rice crop. The film begins with an image of Ananga in a pond with her hand projecting out of water like a water lily.

The film is not about the famine but the events leading to it at a micro scale. In stead of rotting dead bodies, what we see is the changing life and the behavior of the villagers.

What others say

... full of feeling and astonishingly beautiful; the women are conceived as in a dream of the past - moving in their thin, clinging saris, they create sensuous waves of color in the steamy air.
Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
Film Critic
It is the work of a director who has learned the value of narrative economy to such an extent that "Distant Thunder," which is set against the backdrop of the "manmade" famine that wiped out 5 million people in 1943, has the simplicity of a fable.Though its field of vision is narrow, more or less confined to the social awakening of a young village Brahmin and his pretty, naive wife, the sweep of the film is so vast that, at the end, you feel as if you'd witnessed the events from a satellite. You've somehow been able to see simultaneously the curvature of the earth and the insects on the blades of field grass.
Vincent Canby
Film Critic, New York Times, Oct. 12, 1973


  • Presidents Gold Medal for Music Direction, New Delhi, 1973
  • Best Regional Film, New Delhi, 1973
  • Golden Bear, Berlin, 1973
  • Golden Hugo, Chicago, 1974


Producer:Balaka Movies (Sarbani Bhattacharya)
Screenplay & Direction:Satyajit Ray, Based on the novel: ‘Asani Sanket’ by Bibhutibhushan Banerjee
Cinematography:Soumendu Roy
Editing:Dulal Dutta
Art Direction:Ashoke Bose
Sound:J. D. Irani, Durgadas Mitra
Music:Satyajit Ray


Gangacharan Chakravarty:Soumitra Chatterjee
Ananga, his wife:Babita
Biswas:Ramesh Mukherjee
Moti:Chitra Banerjee
Dinabandhu:Govinda Chakravarty
Chutki:Sandhya Roy
Jadu (scarface):Noni Ganguli
Satyajit Ray directing Babita ©Nemai Ghosh
Satyajit Ray directing Babita ©Nemai Ghosh
Satyajit Ray directing Soumitra Chatterjee in “Distant Thunder” ©Nemai Ghosh
Satyajit Ray directing Soumitra Chatterjee in “Distant Thunder” ©Nemai Ghosh
Satyajit Ray on the set of Distant Thunder ©Nemai Ghosh
Satyajit Ray on the set of Distant Thunder ©Nemai Ghosh
Satyajit Ray on location shooting of Ashani Sanket (Distant Thunder) ©Nemai Ghosh
Satyajit Ray on location shooting of Ashani Sanket (Distant Thunder) ©Nemai Ghosh